For nearly seven decades the political cohesion and military power of the Alliance has ensured the prosperity and security of the Euro-Atlantic region. However, the Alliance is currently being aggressively opposed both by emerging powers and by non-state entities in ways that are often far from peaceful, but fall short of any recognized threshold of conventional war.
These confrontations pose a particular difficulty both for the NATO alliance and for some of its member states, since their political and military structures are optimized for prevailing in conventional conflicts. The biggest challenge is that the Alliance needs to operate and adapt at the same time. The Scientific Research Centre of the Hungarian Defence Forces General Staff organized the conference to discuss this phenomenon, the spectrum of gray zone challenges, as well as the possible nation-state and alliance responses to them.